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Book References:
Super Baby: 12 Ways to Give Your Child a Head Start in the First 3 Years
Dr. Jenn Berman

Twins 101
Dr. Khanh-Van Le-Bucklin

Born to Talk: An Introduction to Speech and Language Development, 5th edition
Mom and Baby - The First Four Years Fly By.

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Average word counts heard by children per day - and correlated with IQ at age 3, based on study by Drs. Hart and Risley (1995).

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Get Accurate Information on Your Child’s Language Development with LENA.

How much talk and conversation is needed to ensure your baby’s optimal growth? 30 million words.

Researchers Betty Hart, Ph.D., and Todd R. Risley, Ph.D., conducted nearly 10 years of research to learn why some children perform better than others in school; they published their findings in the book Meaningful Differences. According to the book, the answer is words. The quantity of talk and interactions that parents had with their child, explained Hart and Risley, predicted a child’s IQ and vocabulary size more so than any other variable, including parents’ education or socioeconomic status.

After the first four years, however, it is virtually impossible to close the gap between children whose parents have provided this advantage and children of parents who have not.

* Because of differences in measurement technique, 30,000 words in the Hart and Risley study is equivalent to about 21,000 words in the LENA Adult Words report. Hart and Risley recorded one hour at a peak talking time and extrapolated this number of words to a 14-hour day. LENA percentiles and word counts are based on 12 consecutive hours of recording during an actual day, with no extrapolation.


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